Kalium Klorida

Unduh MSDS

Potassium Chloride Material Safety Data Sheet


1. Identification of the substance/mixture  
1.1.  Product identifier

Product name       : Potassium Chloride
Chemical family : Inorganic compound


1.2.  Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and advised against
Identified uses  : Fertilizer, Oil drilling, Potassium salts, Mineral water, Pharmaucetical preparation, Photography, Fire extinguishing agent, Metalic coating, Secondary batteries (lithium-iron sulfide type), Catalyst Vinyl Chloride, Water correcting agent.


2. Hazard Identification
2.1. Classification of the substances or mixture
This substance is not classified as dangerous according to European Union legislation.


2.2. Label elements
Labelling (REGULATION (EC) No 1272/2008)
Not a dangerous substances according to GHS
CAS-No.     7447-40-7
Labelling (67/548/EEC or 1999/45/EC)
The product does not need to be labeled in accordance with EC directives or respective national laws.
EC-No.        231-211-8
2.3. Other hazards
None known



3. Composition / information on ingredients
Formula   : KCl, ClK  (Hill)
CAS No.   : 7447-40-7   
EC No.    : 231-211-8
Molar mass: 74.55 g/mol


4. First aid measures
4.1. Description of first aid measures
After inhalation   : fresh air.  
After skin contact  : wash off with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothing.
After eye contact: rinse out with plenty of water.  
After swallowing    : make victim drink water. Consult doctor if feeling unwell
4.2. Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
Irritant effects, nausea, vomiting, cardiovascular disorders


4.3. Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

No information available


5. Fire-fighting measures
5.1. Extinguishing media
Suitable Extinguishing media
use extinguishing measures that are appropriate to local circumstances and the surrounding environment.

Unsuitable Extinguishing media
For this substance/mixture no limitations of extinguishing agents are given


5.2. Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
No combustible. Ambient fire may liberate hazardous vapours.  
Fire may cause evolution of : hydrogen chloride gas


5.3. Advice for firefighters

Special protective equipment for fire fighters
Stay in danger area only with self-contained breathing apparatus.
Prevent skin contact by keeping a safe distance or by wearing suitable protective clothing.

6. Accidental release measures
6.1. Personal precaution, protective equipment and emergency procedures.

Advice for non emergency personnel : Avoid inhalation of dusts.
Evacuate the danger area,observe emergency procedures, consult an expert.
Advice for emergency responders: protective equipment see section 8


6.2. Environmental precautions

Do not empty in to drains


6.3. Methods and material for containment and cleaning up

Cover drains. Collect, bind, and pump off spills
Observe possible material restrictions (see sections 7.2 and 10.5)
Take up dry. Dispose of properly. Clean up affected area. Avoid generation of dusts.


6.4. Reference to the other sections

Indication about waste treatment see section 13.


7. Handling and storage
7.1. Precaution for safe handling

Avoid generating dust by excessive or unnecessary movement


7.2. Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Tightly closed. Dry. Avoid contact with aluminum or carbon steel to minimize corrosion
Storage temperature: no restrictions


7.3. Specific end uses.

Apart from the uses mentioned in section 1.2 no other specific uses are stipulated



8. Exposure controls/personal protection
Respiratory protection
Required when dusts are generated.
Hygiene measures
Change contaminated clothing. Wash hand and face after working with subtance.
Eye / face protection
Safety glasses, goggles
Environmental exposure controls
Do not empty into drains.



9.  Physical and chemical properties
9.1. Information on basic physical and chemical properties

Form : solid
Colour : white or redish
Odour : odourless
Odour threshold : no information available
pH (25°C) : 5.5 – 8.0 at 50 g/l  
Melting point : 772 °C
Boiling point : 1,413 °C at 1,013 hPa
Flash point : Not applicable
Evaporation rate : No information available
Flammability (solid,gas) : No information available
Lower explosion limit :    Not applicable
Upper explosion limit :    Not applicable
Vapour pressure : No information available
Relative vapour density : No information available
Relative density : 1.98 g/cm3 at 20 °C
Water solubility : 347 g/l at 20 °C
Partition coefficient: n- : No information available
Autoignition temperature : No information available
Decomposition temperature : No information available
Viscosity, dynamic : No information available
Explosive properties : No information available
Oxidizing properties : No information available


9.2. Other data

Sublimation point          1,500 °C
Ignition temperature        not combustible
Bulk density               ~ 1,000 kg/m3


10. Stability and reactivity
10.1. Reactivity

See section 10.3
10.2. Chemical stability

The product is chemically stable under standard ambient conditions (room temperature).
10.3. Possibility of hazardous reactions

No information available
10.4. Conditions to avoid

No information available
10.5. Incompatible materials

No information available
10.6. Hazardous decomposition products

In the event of fire, see chapter 5.



11. Toxicological information
11.1. Information on toxicological effects

Acute oral toxicity
LD 50rat
Dose : > 2,600 mg/kg
Eye irritation
Possible damage: slight irritation
Genotoxicity in vitro
Mutagenicity (mammal cell test) : chromosome aberration
Result : positive
Ames test
Salmonella typhimurium
Result : negative
(National Txicology Program)
Specific target organ toxicity – single exposure
The substance or mixture is not classified as specific target organ toxicant, single exposure.
Specific target organ – repeated exposure
The substance or mixture is not classified as specific target organ toxicant, repeated exposure.
Aspiration hazard
No aspiration toxicity classification.
11.2. Further information

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice.


12. Ecological information
12.1. Toxicity

Toxicity to fish
Species : Gambusia affinis (Mosquito fish)
Dose : 920 mg/l
Exposure time : 96 h
Toxicity to daphnia magna (Water flea)
Species: Pseudomonas putida
Dose: 825 mg/l
Exposure time: 48 h
Method: DIN 38412
Toxicity to algae
Species: Desmodesmus subspicatus (green algae)
Dose: 2,500 mg/l
Exposure time: 72 h


12.2. Persistence and degradability

The methods for determining the biological degradability are not applicable to inorganic substances


12.3. Bioaccumulative potential

No information available


12.4. Mobility in soil

No information available


12.5. Results of PBT and vPvB assessment

PBT/vPvB assessment not available as chemical safety assessment not required/not conducted.


12.6. Other adverse effects.

Additional ecological information
Do not allow to run into surface waters, waste water, or soil


13. Disposal considerations
Whatever cannot be saved for recovery or recycling should be managed in an appropriate and approved waste disposal facility.
Processing, use or contamination of this product may change the waste management options.


14. Transport information
No classified as dangerous in the meaning of transport regulations.  



15. Regulatory information
Safety, health and environmental regulation/legislation specific for the substance or mixture

EU regulations
Major accident hazard :    96/82/EC
Legislation : Directive 96/82/EC does not apply

16. Other information
The information accumulated here in is believed to be accurate but is not warranted to be whether originating with the company or not.
Health and safety data sheet should be used only as a guide to the safe handling of the product, and is not intended as a technical specification.